*= corresponding author
† = senior author


Original research articles (n=62)

Behavioral determinants of health

  • Galanti MR, [5
    co-authors], Raffetti E, Orsini N, Magnusson C, Shaaban AN, Hergens
    MP, Skott P. Current tobacco use and COVID-19 diagnoses in a cohort of adult
    clients of public dental clinics in Sweden. Sci Rep2023 Jan
  • Raffetti E*, [4 co-authors], Galanti R. Country
    differences in the cross-sectional associations between smoking and depressive
    symptoms in adolescence. Eur J Public Health. 2022  Nov
  • Raffetti E*, [5 co-authors], Galanti MR. DNA methylation
    of the glucocorticoid receptor gene predicts substance use in adolescence:
    Longitudinal data from over 1,000 young individuals. Transl Psychiatry 2021 Sep;15;11(1):477.
  • Raffetti E*, [5 co-authors], Galanti MR. Cortisol
    concentration as predictor of tobacco initiation in adolescents. Results from a
    population-based Swedish cohort. J Adolesc Health2021 Apr;68(4):758-764.
    (Part of PhD thesis)
  • Raffetti E*, [6 co-authors], Galanti MR. No association
    of cigarette smoking and depressive symptoms with cortisol concentration in
    adolescents. Results from a population-based Swedish cohort. Psychiatry
    2021 Jul;301:113968. (Part of PhD thesis)
  • Donato F, [7
    co-authors], Raffetti E*†. Symptoms of mental health problems among
    Italian adolescents in 2017-2018 school year: a multicenter cross-sectional
    study. Environ Health Prev Med2021 Jun
  • Raffetti E*, Donato F, Forsell Y, Galanti MR.
    Longitudinal association between tobacco use and the onset of depressive
    symptoms among Swedish adolescents: the Kupol cohort study. Eur Child
    Adolesc Psychiatry
    2019 May;28(5):695-704. (Part of PhD
  • Galanti MR, [11
    co-authors], Raffetti E. School environment and mental health in
    early adolescence – a longitudinal study in Sweden (KUPOL). BMC
    2016 Jul 16;16:243.


Environmental determinants of health

  • Lindersson S, Raffetti E, Rusca M, Brandimarte L,
    Mård J, Di Baldassarre G. The wider the gap between rich and poor the higher
    the flood mortality. 
    Nat Sustainability, 2023
    Apr, 6:995.
  • Pignocchino G, Di
    Baldassarre G, Mondino E, Raffetti E†. Public risk perception
    of air pollution in the general population of Italy and Sweden during the
    COVID-19 pandemic: Environmental and socio-demographic drivers. Prev
    . 2023 Aug;173:107601. 
  • Di Baldassarre G, [6
    co-authors], Raffetti E†. Multiple hazards and risk perceptions
    over time: The availability heuristic in Italy and Sweden under COVID-19. Nat
    Hazards Earth Syst Sci
    2021 Jun 22:1-4.
  • Raffetti E*, [4
    co-authors], Magoni M. Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and risk of dementia
    and Parkinson disease: A population-based cohort study in a North Italian
    highly polluted area. Chemosphere2020 Jul
  • Raffetti E*, [4 co-authors], Magoni M. Polychlorinated
    biphenyls (PCBs) and risk of hypertension: A population-based cohort study in a
    North Italian highly polluted area. Sci Total Environ2020 Apr
  • Raffetti E, [4 co-authors], Magoni M. Polychlorinated
    biphenyls (PCBs) exposure and cardiovascular, endocrine and metabolic diseases:
    A population-based cohort study in a North Italian highly polluted area. Environ
    2018 Nov;120:215-222.
  • Raffetti E, [6 co-authors], Magoni M. Temporal trends
    of polychlorinated biphenyls serum levels in subjects living in a highly
    polluted area from 2003 to 2015: a follow-up study. Int J Hyg Environ
    2017 Apr;220(2 Pt B):461-467.
  • Galli L, Facchetti S, Raffetti
    , Donato F, D’Anna M. Respiratory diseases and allergic sensitization in
    swine breeders: a population-based cross-sectional study. Ann Allergy
    Asthma Immunol
    2015 Nov;115(5):402-7.
  • Donato F, Raffetti
    . Qual è il ruolo degli studi ecologici per valutare l’impatto di un
    fattore ambientale sulla salute? Un caso-studio in relazione al progetto
    SENTIERI [The role of ecological studies to evaluate the impact of an
    enviromental factor on health: a case study on the results of the SENTIERI
    project]. Epidemiol Prev2014 Nov-Dec;38(6 Suppl
    2):14-8. Italian.

Infectious disease epidemiology

  • Raffetti E*, Mondino E, Di Baldassarre G. COVID-19
    vaccine hesitancy in Sweden and Italy: The role of trust in authorities. Scand
    J Public Health
    2022 Aug;50(6):803-809.
  • Raffetti E*, Mondino E, Di Baldassarre G. Epidemic risk
    perceptions in Italy and Sweden driven by authority responses to
    COVID-19. Sci Rep2022 Jun 3;12(1):9291.
  • Caristia S, Ferranti M,
    Skrami E, Raffetti E, [7 co-authors], Ancona C; AIE working group
    on the evaluation of the effectiveness of lockdowns. Effect of national and
    local lockdowns on the control of COVID-19 pandemic: a rapid review. Epidemiol
    2020 Sep-Dec;44(5-6 Suppl 2):60-68.
  • Paderno A, Mattavelli D,
    Rampinelli V, Grammatica A, Raffetti E, [8 co-authors], Schreiber
    A. Olfactory and Gustatory Outcomes in COVID-19: A Prospective Evaluation in
    Nonhospitalized Subjects. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg2020 Jun
  • Paderno A, Schreiber A,
    Grammatica A, Raffetti E, [8 co-authors], Mattavelli D. Smell and
    taste alterations in COVID-19: a cross-sectional analysis of different
    cohorts. Int Forum Allergy Rhinol2020 Aug;10(8):955-962.
  • Quiros-Roldan E, Properzi
    M, Paghera S, Raffetti E, Castelli F, Imberti L. Factors associated
    with immunosenescence during early adulthood in HIV-infected patients after
    durable efficient combination antiretroviral therapy. Sci Rep2020 Jun
  • Quiros-Roldan E, Pezzoli
    MC, Berlendis M, Raffetti E, [3 co-authors], Castelli F. A COPD
    Case-Finding Program in a Large Cohort of HIV- Infected Persons. Respir
    2019 Feb;64(2):169-175.
  • Baiguera C, Boschetti
    A, Raffetti E*, Zanini B, Puoti M, Donato F. Phyllanthus niruri
    versus Placebo for Chronic Hepatitis B Virus Infection: A Randomized Controlled
    Trial. Complement Med Res2018;25(6):376-382.
  • Mazzitelli M, Torti C,
    Sabatino J, D’Ascoli GL, Costa C, Pisani V, Raffetti E, [4
    co-authors], Indolfi C; CARDIAC study group. Evaluation of cardiac function by
    global longitudinal strain before and after treatment with sofosbuvir-based
    regimens in HCV infected patients. BMC Infect Dis. 2018 Oct
  • Quiros-Roldan E, Properzi
    M, Amadasi S, Raffetti E, [3 co-authors], Castelli F. Prognostic
    role of inflammatory biomarkers in HIV-infected patients with a first diagnosis
    of hepatocellular carcinoma: A single-center study. J Med Virol2019 Feb;91(2):241-248.
  • Quiros-Roldan E, Magro
    P, Raffetti E, [5 co-authors], Castelli F; MASTER Cohort.
    Biochemical and inflammatory modifications after switching to dual
    antiretroviral therapy in HIV-infected patients in Italy: a multicenter
    retrospective cohort study from 2007 to 2015. BMC Infect Dis2018 Jun
  • Torti C, Raffetti
    , [38 co-authors], Carosi G. Cohort Profile: Standardized Management of
    Antiretroviral Therapy Cohort (MASTER Cohort). Int J Epidemiol2017 Apr
  • Quiros Roldan E, Brianese
    N, Raffetti E, [6 co-authors] Castelli F. Comparison between the
    gold standard DXA with calcaneal quantitative ultrasound based-strategy (QUS)
    to detect osteoporosis in an HIV infected cohort. Braz J Infect Dis2017 Nov-Dec;21(6):581-586.
  • Raffetti E*, [10
    co-authors], Quiros-Roldan E. Systemic inflammation-based scores and mortality
    for all causes in HIV-infected patients: a MASTER cohort study. BMC
    Infect Dis
    2017 Mar 7;17(1):193.
  • Quiros-Roldan E, Magoni
    M, Raffetti E*, [3 co-authors], Castelli F. The burden of chronic
    diseases and cost-of-care in subjects with HIV infection in a Health District
    of Northern Italy over a 12-year period compared to that of the general
    population. BMC Public Health2016 Nov
  • Raffetti E, [12 co-authors], Torti C. The risk of late
    or advanced presentation of HIV infected patients is still high, associated
    factors evolve but impact on overall mortality is vanishing over calendar
    years: results from the Italian MASTER Cohort. BMC Public Health2016 Aug
  • Quiros-Roldan E, Raffetti
    , [11 co-authors], Donato F. Low-level viraemia, measured as viraemia
    copy-years, as a prognostic factor for medium-long-term all-cause mortality: a
    MASTER cohort study. J Antimicrob Chemother2016 Dec;71(12):3519-3527.
  • Quiros-Roldan E, Raffetti
    , [8 co-authors], Castelli F. Incidence of cardiovascular events in
    HIV-positive patients compared to general population over the last decade: a
    population-based study from 2000 to 2012. AIDS Care2016 Dec;28(12):1551-1558.
  • Quiros-Roldan E, Raffetti
    , [7 co-authors], Castelli F. Neutrophil to Lymphocyte Ratio and
    Cardiovascular Disease Incidence in HIV-Infected Patients: A Population-Based
    Cohort Study. PLoS One2016 May 5;11(5):e0154900.
  • Raffetti E*, [4 co-authors], Quiros-Roldan E. The
    predictive role of NLR and PLR for solid non-AIDS defining cancer incidence in
    HIV-infected subjects: a MASTER cohort study. Infect Agent Cancer2015 Oct
  • Raffetti E*, [6 co-authors], Donato F; Brescia HCC Study
    Group. Role of aetiology, diabetes, tobacco smoking and hypertension in
    hepatocellular carcinoma survival. Dig Liver Dis2015 Nov;47(11):950-6.
  • Raffetti E*, [12 co-authors], Quiros Roldan E. Systemic
    Inflammation-Based Biomarkers and Survival in HIV-Positive Subject With Solid
    Cancer in an Italian Multicenter Study. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr2015 Aug
  • Lupo F, Russo R, Iolascon
    A, Ieluzzi D, Siciliano A, Toniutto P, Matté A, Piovesan S, Raffetti E,
    [6 co-authors], De Franceschi L. Protease inhibitors-based therapy induces
    acquired spherocytic-like anaemia and ineffective erythropoiesis in chronic
    hepatitis C virus patients. Liver Int2016 Jan;36(1):49-58.
  • Raffetti E*, [12 co-authors], Quiros-Roldan E; MASTER
    Cohort. The prognostic role of systemic inflammatory markers on HIV-infected
    patients with non-Hodgkin lymphoma, a multicenter cohort study. J
    Transl Med
    2015 Mar 14;13:89.
  • Raffetti E*, [14 co-authors], Quiros-Roldan E; MASTER
    Cohort. Cancer incidence and mortality for all causes in HIV-infected patients
    over a quarter century: a multicentre cohort study. BMC Public Health2015 Mar
  • Gotti D, Raffetti E,
    [13 co-authors], Quiros-Roldan E; Master Cohort Group. Survival in HIV-infected
    patients after a cancer diagnosis in the cART Era: results of an italian
    multicenter study. PLoS One2014 Apr

Clinical epidemiology

  • Serioli S, Agosti E, Buffoli B, Raffetti
    , [10 co-authors Doglietto F. Microsurgical transcranial approaches to
    the posterior surface of
    petrosal portion of the temporal bone: quantitative analysis of surgical
    volumes and exposed areas. Neurosurg Rev2023 Feb;
  • Mattavelli D, Tomasoni M,
    Ferrari M, Compagnoni A, Schreiber A, Taboni S, Rampinelli V, Marazzi E, Raffetti
    , [5 co-authors], Nicolai P. Salvage surgery in recurrent sinonasal
    cancers: proposal of a prognostic model based on clinicopathologic and
    treatment-related parameters. Head Neck2022 Aug;44(8):1857-1870.
  • Ferrari M, Mattavelli D,
    Tomasoni M, Raffetti E, [30 co-authors], Nicolai P. The MUSES*:
    prognostic study on 1360 sinonasal cancer patients undergoing endoscopic
    surgery-based treatment. Eur J Cancer2022 Aug;171:161-182.
  • Agosti E, Saraceno G,
    Rampinelli V, Raffetti E, [13 co-authors], Doglietto F.
    Quantitative Anatomical Comparison of Endoscopic Transnasal and Microsurgical
    Transcranial Approaches to the Anterior Cranial Fossa. Oper Neurosurg2022 Oct
  • Lombardi D, [17
    co-authors], Raffetti E, Pracy P, Vander Poorten V, Nicolai P. The
    impact of nodal status in major salivary gland carcinoma: A multicenter
    experience and proposal of a novel N-classification. Oral Oncol2021 Jan;112:105076.
  • Raffetti E*, [5 co-authors], Donato F. Is survival for
    hepatocellular carcinoma increasing? A population-based study on survival of
    hepatocellular carcinoma patients in the 1990s and 2000s. Clin Res
    Hepatol Gastroenterol
    2021 Jan;45(1):101433.
  • Donato F, Raffetti
    *, Toninelli G, Andrea F, Scarcella C, Castellano M. Guggul and Triphala
    for the treatment of hypercholesterolemia: a placebo-controlled, double-blind,
    randomized trial. Complement Med Res2021;28(3):216-225.
  • Agosti E, Turri-Zanoni M,
    Saraceno G, Belotti F, Karligkiotis A, Rocca G, Buffoli B, Raffetti E,
    [11 co-authors], Doglietto F. Quantitative Anatomic Comparison of Microsurgical
    Transcranial, Endoscopic Endonasal, and Transorbital Approaches to the
    Spheno-Orbital Region. Oper Neurosurg2021 Nov
    15; 21(6):E494-E505
  • Agosti E, Saraceno G, Qiu
    J, Buffoli B, Ferrari M, Raffetti E, [11 co-authors], Doglietto F.
    Quantitative anatomical comparison of transnasal and transcranial approaches to
    the clivus. Acta Neurochir2020 Mar;162(3):649-660.
  • Saraceno G, Agosti E, Qiu
    J, Buffoli B, Ferrari M, Raffetti E, [11 co-authors], Doglietto F.
    Quantitative Anatomical Comparison of Anterior, Anterolateral and Lateral,
    Microsurgical and Endoscopic Approaches to the Middle Cranial Fossa. World
    2020 Feb;134:e682-e730.
  • Doglietto F, Prevedello DM,
    Belotti F, Ferrari M, Lancini D, Schreiber A, Raffetti E, [9
    co-authors], Tschabitscher M. The Superior Hypophyseal Arteries: Anatomical
    Study with an Endoscopic Endonasal Perspective. Oper Neurosurg2019 Sep
  • Rampinelli V, Doglietto F,
    Mattavelli D, Qiu J, Raffetti E, [5 co-authors], Nicolai P.
    Two-Dimensional High Definition Versus Three-Dimensional Endoscopy in Endonasal
    Skull Base Surgery: A Comparative Preclinical Study. 
    World Neurosurg2017 Sep;105:223-231.
  • Cagnazzi E, [5
    co-authors], Raffetti E, Donato F, Latronico N. Near-zero difficult
    tracheal intubation and tracheal intubation failure rate with the “Besta
    Airway Algorithm” and “Glidescope® in morbidly obese”
    Minerva Anestesiol2016 Sep;82(9):966-73.
  • Lombardi C, Raffetti
    , [7 co-authors], Milanese M; ELSA Study Group. Phenotyping asthma in the
    elderly: allergic sensitization profile and upper airways comorbidity in
    patients older than 65 years. 
    Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol2016 Mar;116(3):206-11.
  • Lombardi D, Bottazzoli M, Turri-Zanoni
    M, Raffetti E, [9 co-authors], Nicolai P. Sinonasal mucosal
    melanoma: A 12-year experience of 58 cases. 
    Head Neck2016 Apr;38
    Suppl 1:E1737-45.
  • Nicolai P, Schreiber A,
    Bolzoni Villaret A, Lombardi D, Morassi L, Raffetti E, [4
    co-authors], Castelnuovo P. Intestinal type adenocarcinoma of the ethmoid:
    Outcomes of a treatment regimen based on endoscopic surgery with or without
    Head Neck2016 Apr;38 Suppl
  • Tsioni V, Andreoli L, Meini
    A, Frassi M, Raffetti E, [3 co-authors], Tincani A. The prevalence
    and incidence of systemic lupus erythematosus in children and adults: a
    population-based study in a mountain community in northern Italy. 
    Exp Rheumatol
    2015 Sep-Oct;33(5):681-7.
  • Minetti S, Raffetti
    , [6 co-authors], Tosoni C. Respiratory allergy in immigrants to a highly
    industrialised area in Italy according to area of origin and time period. 
    2015 Sep-Oct;43(5):461-8.
  • Lombardi C, Fiocchi
    A, Raffetti E, Donato F, Canonica GW, Passalacqua G; P-IGRAM study
    group. Cross-sectional comparison of the characteristics of respiratory allergy
    in immigrants and Italian children. Pediatr Allerg Immunol2014 Aug;25(5):473-80.

Peer-reviewed commentaries (n=2)

  • Raffetti E*, Di Baldassarre. Do the benefits of school
    closure outweigh its costs? Int J. Environ Res Public Health2022 Feb;
    19(5), 2500.
  • Di Baldassarre G, [6
    co-authors], Raffetti E, Ridolfi E, Rusca M, Savelli E, Tootoonchi
    F Integrating multiple research methods to unravel the complexity of
    human-water systems. AGU Advances2021; 2(3),

Peer-reviewed systematic review articles (n=3)

  • Raffetti E*, [3 co-authors], Donato F. Association
    between exposure to polychlorinated biphenyls and risk of hypertension: A
    systematic review and meta-analysis. Chemosphere2020 Sep;255:126984.
  • Raffetti E*, Treccani M, Donato F. Cement plant
    emissions and health effects in the general population: a systematic
    review. Chemosphere2019 Mar;218:211-222.
  • Raffetti E*, Fattovich G, Donato F. Incidence of
    hepatocellular carcinoma in untreated subjects with chronic hepatitis B: a
    systematic review and meta- analysis. Liver Int2016 Sep;36(9):1239-51.

Collaborations (n=1)

  • COVID-19 trajectories among
    57 million adults in England: a cohort study using electronic health records. Lancet
    Digit Health
    . 2022
  1. Raffetti E, The association between smoking behaviour and depressive symptoms in adolescence: the role of biology and of societal influences. PhD. thesis, Department of Global Public Health, Karolinska Institutet, Sweden. 2021
  2. Raffetti E, Substance use and mental health problems in Swedish adolescents: the Kupol study. Medical specialization in Public Health and Preventive Medicine thesis, University of Brescia, Italy. 2016
  3. Raffetti E, Management of tuberculosis, population attitudes and practices on tuberculosis in a rural district of Burkina Faso. Degree in Medicine thesis, University of Brescia, Italy. 2011