* = corresponding author
† = senior author

Behavioral determinants of health

  1. Raffetti E*, [4 co-authors], Galanti R. Country differences in the cross-sectional associations between smoking and depressive symptoms in adolescence. Eur J Public Health. 2022 (in press)
  2. Raffetti E*, [5 co-authors], Galanti MR. DNA methylation of the glucocorticoid receptor gene predicts substance use in adolescence: Longitudinal data from over 1,000 young individuals. Transl Psychiatry 2021 Sep;15;11(1):477.
  3. Raffetti E*, [5 co-authors], Galanti MR. Cortisol concentration as predictor of tobacco initiation in adolescents. Results from a population-based Swedish cohort. J Adolesc Health. 2021 Apr;68(4):758-764. (Part of PhD thesis)
  4. Raffetti E*, [6 co-authors], Galanti MR. No association of cigarette smoking and depressive symptoms with cortisol concentration in adolescents. Results from a population-based Swedish cohort. Psychiatry Res. 2021 Jul;301:113968. (Part of PhD thesis)
  5. Donato F, [7 co-authors], Raffetti E*†. Symptoms of mental health problems among Italian adolescents in 2017-2018 school year: a multicenter cross-sectional study. Environ Health Prev Med. 2021 Jun 21;26(1):67.
  6. Raffetti E*, Donato F, Forsell Y, Galanti MR. Longitudinal association between tobacco use and the onset of depressive symptoms among Swedish adolescents: the Kupol cohort study. Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2019 May;28(5):695-704. (Part of PhD thesis)
  7. Galanti MR, [11 co-authors], Raffetti E. School environment and mental health in early adolescence – a longitudinal study in Sweden (KUPOL). BMC Psychiatry. 2016 Jul 16;16:243.

Environmental determinants of health

  1. Di Baldassarre G, [6 co-authors], Raffetti E†. Multiple hazards and risk perceptions over time: The availability heuristic in Italy and Sweden under COVID-19. Nat Hazards Earth Syst Sci. 2021 Jun 22:1-4.
  2. Raffetti E*, [4 co-authors], Magoni M. Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and risk of dementia and Parkinson disease: A population-based cohort study in a North Italian highly polluted area. Chemosphere. 2020 Jul 4;261:127522.
  3. Raffetti E*, [4 co-authors], Magoni M. Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and risk of hypertension: A population-based cohort study in a North Italian highly polluted area. Sci Total Environ. 2020 Apr 20;714:136660.
  4. Raffetti E, [4 co-authors], Magoni M. Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) exposure and cardiovascular, endocrine and metabolic diseases: A population-based cohort study in a North Italian highly polluted area. Environ Int. 2018 Nov;120:215-222.
  5. Raffetti E, [6 co-authors], Magoni M. Temporal trends of polychlorinated biphenyls serum levels in subjects living in a highly polluted area from 2003 to 2015: a follow-up study. Int J Hyg Environ Health. 2017 Apr;220(2 Pt B):461-467.
  6. Galli L, Facchetti S, Raffetti E*, Donato F, D’Anna M. Respiratory diseases and allergic sensitization in swine breeders: a population-based cross-sectional study. Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol. 2015 Nov;115(5):402-7.
  7. Donato F, Raffetti E. Qual è il ruolo degli studi ecologici per valutare l’impatto di un fattore ambientale sulla salute? Un caso-studio in relazione al progetto SENTIERI [The role of ecological studies to evaluate the impact of an enviromental factor on health: a case study on the results of the SENTIERI project]. Epidemiol Prev. 2014 Nov-Dec;38(6 Suppl 2):14-8. Italian.

Infectious disease epidemiology

  1. Raffetti E*, Mondino E, Di Baldassarre G. COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy in Sweden and Italy: The role of trust in authorities. Scand J Public Health. 2022 Aug;50(6):803-809.
  2. Raffetti E*, Mondino E, Di Baldassarre G. Epidemic risk perceptions in Italy and Sweden driven by authority responses to COVID-19. Sci Rep. 2022 Jun 3;12(1):9291.
  3. Caristia S, Ferranti M, Skrami E, Raffetti E, [7 co-authors], Ancona C; AIE working group on the evaluation of the effectiveness of lockdowns. Effect of national and local lockdowns on the control of COVID-19 pandemic: a rapid review. Epidemiol Prev. 2020 Sep-Dec;44(5-6 Suppl 2):60-68.
  4. Paderno A, Mattavelli D, Rampinelli V, Grammatica A, Raffetti E, [8 co-authors], Schreiber A. Olfactory and Gustatory Outcomes in COVID-19: A Prospective Evaluation in Nonhospitalized Subjects. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2020 Jun 30:194599820939538.
  5. Paderno A, Schreiber A, Grammatica A, Raffetti E, [8 co-authors], Mattavelli D. Smell and taste alterations in COVID-19: a cross-sectional analysis of different cohorts. Int Forum Allergy Rhinol. 2020 Aug;10(8):955-962.
  6. Quiros-Roldan E, Properzi M, Paghera S, Raffetti E, Castelli F, Imberti L. Factors associated with immunosenescence during early adulthood in HIV-infected patients after durable efficient combination antiretroviral therapy. Sci Rep. 2020 Jun 22;10(1):10057.
  7. Quiros-Roldan E, Pezzoli MC, Berlendis M, Raffetti E, [3 co-authors], Castelli F. A COPD Case-Finding Program in a Large Cohort of HIV- Infected Persons. Respir Care. 2019 Feb;64(2):169-175.
  8. Baiguera C, Boschetti A, Raffetti E*, Zanini B, Puoti M, Donato F. Phyllanthus niruri versus Placebo for Chronic Hepatitis B Virus Infection: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Complement Med Res. 2018;25(6):376-382.
  9. Mazzitelli M, Torti C, Sabatino J, D’Ascoli GL, Costa C, Pisani V, Raffetti E, [4 co-authors], Indolfi C; CARDIAC study group. Evaluation of cardiac function by global longitudinal strain before and after treatment with sofosbuvir-based regimens in HCV infected patients. BMC Infect Dis. 2018 Oct 16;18(1):518.
  10. Quiros-Roldan E, Properzi M, Amadasi S, Raffetti E, [3 co-authors], Castelli F. Prognostic role of inflammatory biomarkers in HIV-infected patients with a first diagnosis of hepatocellular carcinoma: A single-center study. J Med Virol. 2019 Feb;91(2):241-248.
  11. Quiros-Roldan E, Magro P, Raffetti E, [5 co-authors], Castelli F; MASTER Cohort. Biochemical and inflammatory modifications after switching to dual antiretroviral therapy in HIV-infected patients in Italy: a multicenter retrospective cohort study from 2007 to 2015. BMC Infect Dis. 2018 Jun 25;18(1):285.
  12. Torti C, Raffetti E*, [38 co-authors], Carosi G. Cohort Profile: Standardized Management of Antiretroviral Therapy Cohort (MASTER Cohort). Int J Epidemiol. 2017 Apr 1;46(2):e12.
  13. Quiros Roldan E, Brianese N, Raffetti E, [6 co-authors] Castelli F. Comparison between the gold standard DXA with calcaneal quantitative ultrasound based-strategy (QUS) to detect osteoporosis in an HIV infected cohort. Braz J Infect Dis. 2017 Nov-Dec;21(6):581-586.
  14. Raffetti E*, [10 co-authors], Quiros-Roldan E. Systemic inflammation-based scores and mortality for all causes in HIV-infected patients: a MASTER cohort study. BMC Infect Dis. 2017 Mar 7;17(1):193.
  15. Quiros-Roldan E, Magoni M, Raffetti E*, [3 co-authors], Castelli F. The burden of chronic diseases and cost-of-care in subjects with HIV infection in a Health District of Northern Italy over a 12-year period compared to that of the general population. BMC Public Health. 2016 Nov 9;16(1):1146.
  16. Raffetti E, [12 co-authors], Torti C. The risk of late or advanced presentation of HIV infected patients is still high, associated factors evolve but impact on overall mortality is vanishing over calendar years: results from the Italian MASTER Cohort. BMC Public Health. 2016 Aug 25;16(1):878.
  17. Quiros-Roldan E, Raffetti E*, [11 co-authors], Donato F. Low-level viraemia, measured as viraemia copy-years, as a prognostic factor for medium-long-term all-cause mortality: a MASTER cohort study. J Antimicrob Chemother. 2016 Dec;71(12):3519-3527.
  18. Quiros-Roldan E, Raffetti E*, [8 co-authors], Castelli F. Incidence of cardiovascular events in HIV-positive patients compared to general population over the last decade: a population-based study from 2000 to 2012. AIDS Care. 2016 Dec;28(12):1551-1558.
  19. Quiros-Roldan E, Raffetti E*, [7 co-authors], Castelli F. Neutrophil to Lymphocyte Ratio and Cardiovascular Disease Incidence in HIV-Infected Patients: A Population-Based Cohort Study. PLoS One. 2016 May 5;11(5):e0154900.
  20. Raffetti E*, [4 co-authors], Quiros-Roldan E. The predictive role of NLR and PLR for solid non-AIDS defining cancer incidence in HIV-infected subjects: a MASTER cohort study. Infect Agent Cancer. 2015 Oct 5;10:34.
  21. Raffetti E*, [6 co-authors], Donato F; Brescia HCC Study Group. Role of aetiology, diabetes, tobacco smoking and hypertension in hepatocellular carcinoma survival. Dig Liver Dis. 2015 Nov;47(11):950-6.
  22. Raffetti E*, [12 co-authors], Quiros Roldan E. Systemic Inflammation-Based Biomarkers and Survival in HIV-Positive Subject With Solid Cancer in an Italian Multicenter Study. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2015 Aug 15;69(5):585-92.
  23. Lupo F, Russo R, Iolascon A, Ieluzzi D, Siciliano A, Toniutto P, Matté A, Piovesan S, Raffetti E, [6 co-authors], De Franceschi L. Protease inhibitors-based therapy induces acquired spherocytic-like anaemia and ineffective erythropoiesis in chronic hepatitis C virus patients. Liver Int. 2016 Jan;36(1):49-58.
  24. Raffetti E*, [12 co-authors], Quiros-Roldan E; MASTER Cohort. The prognostic role of systemic inflammatory markers on HIV-infected patients with non-Hodgkin lymphoma, a multicenter cohort study. J Transl Med. 2015 Mar 14;13:89.
  25. Raffetti E*, [14 co-authors], Quiros-Roldan E; MASTER Cohort. Cancer incidence and mortality for all causes in HIV-infected patients over a quarter century: a multicentre cohort study. BMC Public Health. 2015 Mar 12;15:235.
  26. Gotti D, Raffetti E, [13 co-authors], Quiros-Roldan E; Master Cohort Group. Survival in HIV-infected patients after a cancer diagnosis in the cART Era: results of an italian multicenter study. PLoS One. 2014 Apr 23;9(4):e94768.

Clinical epidemiology

  1. Mattavelli D, Tomasoni M, Ferrari M, Compagnoni A, Schreiber A, Taboni S, Rampinelli V, Marazzi E, Raffetti E, [5 co-authors], Nicolai P. Salvage surgery in recurrent sinonasal cancers: proposal of a prognostic model based on clinicopathologic and treatment-related parameters. Head Neck. 2022 Aug;44(8):1857-1870.
  2. Ferrari M, Mattavelli D, Tomasoni M, Raffetti E, [30 co-authors], Nicolai P. The MUSES*: prognostic study on 1360 sinonasal cancer patients undergoing endoscopic surgery-based treatment. Eur J Cancer. 2022 Aug;171:161-182.
  3. Agosti E, Saraceno G, Rampinelli V, Raffetti E, [13 co-authors], Doglietto F. Quantitative Anatomical Comparison of Endoscopic Transnasal and Microsurgical Transcranial Approaches to the Anterior Cranial Fossa. Oper Neurosurg. 2022 Oct 1;23(4):e256-e266.
  4. Lombardi D, [17 co-authors], Raffetti E, Pracy P, Vander Poorten V, Nicolai P. The impact of nodal status in major salivary gland carcinoma: A multicenter experience and proposal of a novel N-classification. Oral Oncol. 2021 Jan;112:105076.
  5. Raffetti E*, [5 co-authors], Donato F. Is survival for hepatocellular carcinoma increasing? A population-based study on survival of hepatocellular carcinoma patients in the 1990s and 2000s. Clin Res Hepatol Gastroenterol. 2021 Jan;45(1):101433.
  6. Donato F, Raffetti E*, Toninelli G, Andrea F, Scarcella C, Castellano M. Guggul and Triphala for the treatment of hypercholesterolemia: a placebo-controlled, double-blind, randomized trial. Complement Med Res. 2021;28(3):216-225.
  7. Agosti E, Turri-Zanoni M, Saraceno G, Belotti F, Karligkiotis A, Rocca G, Buffoli B, Raffetti E, [11 co-authors], Doglietto F. Quantitative Anatomic Comparison of Microsurgical Transcranial, Endoscopic Endonasal, and Transorbital Approaches to the Spheno-Orbital Region. Oper Neurosurg. 2021 Nov 15; 21(6):E494-E505
  8. Agosti E, Saraceno G, Qiu J, Buffoli B, Ferrari M, Raffetti E, [11 co-authors], Doglietto F. Quantitative anatomical comparison of transnasal and transcranial approaches to the clivus. Acta Neurochir. 2020 Mar;162(3):649-660.
  9. Saraceno G, Agosti E, Qiu J, Buffoli B, Ferrari M, Raffetti E, [11 co-authors], Doglietto F. Quantitative Anatomical Comparison of Anterior, Anterolateral and Lateral, Microsurgical and Endoscopic Approaches to the Middle Cranial Fossa. World Neurosurg. 2020 Feb;134:e682-e730.
  10. Doglietto F, Prevedello DM, Belotti F, Ferrari M, Lancini D, Schreiber A, Raffetti E, [9 co-authors], Tschabitscher M. The Superior Hypophyseal Arteries: Anatomical Study with an Endoscopic Endonasal Perspective. Oper Neurosurg. 2019 Sep 1;17(3):321-331.
  11. Rampinelli V, Doglietto F, Mattavelli D, Qiu J, Raffetti E, [5 co-authors], Nicolai P. Two-Dimensional High Definition Versus Three-Dimensional Endoscopy in Endonasal Skull Base Surgery: A Comparative Preclinical Study. World Neurosurg. 2017 Sep;105:223-231.
  12. Cagnazzi E, [5 co-authors], Raffetti E, Donato F, Latronico N. Near-zero difficult tracheal intubation and tracheal intubation failure rate with the “Besta Airway Algorithm” and “Glidescope® in morbidly obese” (GLOBE). Minerva Anestesiol. 2016 Sep;82(9):966-73.
  13. Lombardi C, Raffetti E, [7 co-authors], Milanese M; ELSA Study Group. Phenotyping asthma in the elderly: allergic sensitization profile and upper airways comorbidity in patients older than 65 years. Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol. 2016 Mar;116(3):206-11.
  14. Lombardi D, Bottazzoli M, Turri-Zanoni M, Raffetti E, [9 co-authors], Nicolai P. Sinonasal mucosal melanoma: A 12-year experience of 58 cases. Head Neck. 2016 Apr;38 Suppl 1:E1737-45.
  15. Nicolai P, Schreiber A, Bolzoni Villaret A, Lombardi D, Morassi L, Raffetti E, [4 co-authors], Castelnuovo P. Intestinal type adenocarcinoma of the ethmoid: Outcomes of a treatment regimen based on endoscopic surgery with or without radiotherapy. Head Neck. 2016 Apr;38 Suppl 1:E996-E1003.
  16. Tsioni V, Andreoli L, Meini A, Frassi M, Raffetti E, [3 co-authors], Tincani A. The prevalence and incidence of systemic lupus erythematosus in children and adults: a population-based study in a mountain community in northern Italy. Clin Exp Rheumatol. 2015 Sep-Oct;33(5):681-7.
  17. Minetti S, Raffetti E, [6 co-authors], Tosoni C. Respiratory allergy in immigrants to a highly industrialised area in Italy according to area of origin and time period. Allergol Immunopathol. 2015 Sep-Oct;43(5):461-8.
  18. Lombardi C, Fiocchi A, Raffetti E, Donato F, Canonica GW, Passalacqua G; P-IGRAM study group. Cross-sectional comparison of the characteristics of respiratory allergy in immigrants and Italian children. Pediatr Allergy Immunol. 2014 Aug;25(5):473-80.

Peer-reviewed commentaries

  1. Raffetti E*, Di Baldassarre. Do the benefits of school closure outweigh its costs? Int J. Environ Res Public Health. 2022 Feb; 19(5), 2500.
  2. Di Baldassarre G, [6 co-authors], Raffetti E, Ridolfi E, Rusca M, Savelli E, Tootoonchi F Integrating multiple research methods to unravel the complexity of human-water systems. AGU Advances. 2021; 2(3), e2021AV000473.

Peer-reviewed systematic review articles

  1. Raffetti E*, [3 co-authors], Donato F. Association between exposure to polychlorinated biphenyls and risk of hypertension: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Chemosphere. 2020 Sep;255:126984.
  2. Raffetti E*, Treccani M, Donato F. Cement plant emissions and health effects in the general population: a systematic review. Chemosphere. 2019 Mar;218:211-222.
  3. Raffetti E*, Fattovich G, Donato F. Incidence of hepatocellular carcinoma in untreated subjects with chronic hepatitis B: a systematic review and meta- analysis. Liver Int. 2016 Sep;36(9):1239-51.


  1. COVID-19 trajectories among 57 million adults in England: a cohort study using electronic health records. Lancet Digit Health. 2022 Jul;4(7):e542-e557.
  1. Raffetti E, The association between smoking behaviour and depressive symptoms in adolescence: the role of biology and of societal influences. D. thesis, Department of Global Public Health, Karolinska Institutet, Sweden. 2021
  2. Raffetti E, Substance use and mental health problems in Swedish adolescents: the Kupol study. Medical specialization thesis, University of Brescia, Italy. 2016
  3. Raffetti E, Management of tuberculosis, population attitudes and practices on tuberculosis in a rural district of Burkina Faso. MD thesis, University of Brescia, Italy. 2011